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双语科技百科(天文) 第4期:彗星【钱柜手机版】

发布时间:2021-09-09    来源:钱柜首页49772

本文摘要:Comet彗星Chinese records of comets dated back to a lon,g tim,e ago.During the Spring and Autumn Period, some 2,200 years ago, Chinese documents already had records of comets, among which the most verifiable one is the record of a comet, which appeared in 613 BC, iri Sprin,g an,d Autumn, Annals.It iS recog-nized as the earliest mention of Halleys Comet in the world, 670 years earlier than the Western Europe, where the earliest record of Halleys Comet was in AD 66.中国古代关于彗星的纪事很早以前。

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Comet彗星Chinese records of comets dated back to a lon,g tim,e ago.During the Spring and Autumn Period, some 2,200 years ago, Chinese documents already had records of comets, among which the most verifiable one is the record of a comet, which appeared in 613 BC, iri Sprin,g an,d Autumn, Annals.It iS recog-nized as the earliest mention of Halleys Comet in the world, 670 years earlier than the Western Europe, where the earliest record of Halleys Comet was in AD 66.中国古代关于彗星的纪事很早以前。早在2200多年前春秋时期的古文献中有数关于彗星的记录。最可信的是《春秋》对经常出现于公元前613年的彗星记录。

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这是世界上关于哈雷彗星的最先记录。西欧对哈雷彗星的最先记述是公元66年,这比中国最先的记述晚了670余年。Since Halleys Comet visits the earth once every 76 years, it came back to the earth 29 times during a period of 2,149 years from 240 BC ( the 7th year of the reign of the First Emper-or of Qin)to 1910 ( the 2nd year of the reign of Emperor Xuantong of Qing).Each of these vis-its was clearly recorded by Chinese scholars.J. R. Hind, a British astronomer, once usedthese continuous data to calculate the orbit of Halleys Comet, and discovered that the angle of the orbit showed a narrowing trend.In the Han Dynasty, it was 170 degrees, but it nar-rowed down t0 161 degrees in the mid-9th century.哈雷彗星约间隔76年经常出现一次,从公元前240年到公元1910年的2149年期间,史书对哈雷彗星经常出现的记述多达29次,且记载详细。

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英国天文学家J.R.海德曾多次用于这些数据计算出来哈雷彗星的运营轨道,他找到,彗星运营轨道角度呈圆形变大趋势:在汉代,角度为1700,到19世纪中叶,则增至1610。From 1600 BC to AD 1600, China recorded comets 581 times, leaving behind valuable materials. In 635 BC, Chinese astronomers pointed out that the comet al-ways traveled with its back to the sun. Without these repeated observations, the detailed descriptions of the comet tails could not have been made, nor could the relationship between the sun and comets have been correctly deduced.从公元前1600年到公元1600年,中国古代对彗星的记述多达581次,留给了十分贵重的资料。公元前635年,中国古代天文学家认为,彗星总是背向太阳运营。

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没上述有关彗星的重复仔细观察,关于彗尾的叙述则不有可能详细,也不有可能对太阳和彗星之间的关系作出准确的分析。


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